HIV/AIDS NA TERCEIRA IDADE: AVALIAÇÃO DO CONHECIMENTO E PERCEPÇÃO DE RISCO NO MUNICÍPIO DE SANTOS

Natália Santos Lousada, Sheila de Melo Borges, Everton Lopes Rodrigues

Abstract


The main objective of this study was to analyze the knowledge of elderly about the Human Immunodeficiency Virus / Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (HIV/ AIDS) at the city of Santos/ SP, and compare, as a second object, the difference of the knowledge between the genders in this population. A transversal observational type of study had been done with 50 elderly that attend a popular ball at the city of Santos/SP. After the approval from the research ethics committee of Santa Cecília University/ Universidade Santa Cecília, the aged were invited to answer a social demographic questionnaire and then, another questionnaire about the HIV/AIDS in Old Age (QHIV3I), containing 17 statements divided in five domains, concept, transmission, prevention, vulnerability and treatment and formatted in three alternatives: True, False or NK (Not Known). To numerical data were demonstrated by average and standard deviation and for categorical data, relative and absolut frequency. Once it is a survey with nominal qualitative informations, the results from the QHIV3I between the genders will be analysed in a test Qui- Quadrado or Exato de Fisher. With this study we could observe that the elderly interviewed succeeded in all aspects of the search QHIV3I. However, the majority don’t use preservative (n=34; 68%) and has never done the HIV test (n=26; 56). Furthermore, this present research did not show significant difference between the genders in any item valued. With these good results we can observe a satisfactory level of knowledge about HIV/AIDS on surveyed population, independently the gender. Even so, the orientation about using preservative and going AIDS test is still necessary. Mainly because of a high percentage of surveyed participants that reported this behavior, the obvious importance of both to prevent the disease in the sexually active elderly population and also for an early treatment of AIDS.


Key-Words: Elderly; AIDS; HIV; Public Health.

 

The main objective of this study was to analyze the knowledge of elderly about the Human Immunodeficiency Virus / Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (HIV/ AIDS) at the city of Santos/ SP, and compare, as a second object, the difference of the knowledge between the genders in this population. A transversal observational type of study had been done with 50 elderly that attend a popular ball at the city of Santos/SP. After the approval from the research ethics committee of Santa Cecília University/ Universidade Santa Cecília, the aged were invited to answer a social demographic questionnaire and then, another questionnaire about the HIV/AIDS in Old Age (QHIV3I), containing 17 statements divided in five domains, concept, transmission, prevention, vulnerability and treatment and formatted in three alternatives: True, False or NK (Not Known). To numerical data were demonstrated by average and standard deviation and for categorical data, relative and absolut frequency. Once it is a survey with nominal qualitative informations, the results from the QHIV3I between the genders will be analysed in a test Qui- Quadrado or Exato de Fisher. With this study we could observe that the elderly interviewed succeeded in all aspects of the search QHIV3I. However, the majority don’t use preservative (n=34; 68%) and has never done the HIV test (n=26; 56). Furthermore, this present research did not show significant difference between the genders in any item valued. With these good results we can observe a satisfactory level of knowledge about HIV/AIDS on surveyed population, independently the gender. Even so, the orientation about using preservative and going AIDS test is still necessary. Mainly because of a high percentage of surveyed participants that reported this behavior, the obvious importance of both to prevent the disease in the sexually active elderly population and also for an early treatment of AIDS.The main objective of this study was to analyze the knowledge of elderly about the Human Immunodeficiency Virus / Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (HIV/ AIDS) at the city of Santos/ SP, and compare, as a second object, the difference of the knowledge between the genders in this population. A transversal observational type of study had been done with 50 elderly that attend a popular ball at the city of Santos/SP. After the approval from the research ethics committee of Santa Cecília University/ Universidade Santa Cecília, the aged were invited to answer a social demographic questionnaire and then, another questionnaire about the HIV/AIDS in Old Age (QHIV3I), containing 17 statements divided in five domains, concept, transmission, prevention, vulnerability and treatment and formatted in three alternatives: True, False or NK (Not Known). To numerical data were demonstrated by average and standard deviation and for categorical data, relative and absolut frequency. Once it is a survey with nominal qualitative informations, the results from the QHIV3I between the genders will be analysed in a test Qui- Quadrado or Exato de Fisher. With this study we could observe that the elderly interviewed succeeded in all aspects of the search QHIV3I. However, the majority don’t use preservative (n=34; 68%) and has never done the HIV test (n=26; 56). Furthermore, this present research did not show significant difference between the genders in any item valued. With these good results we can observe a satisfactory level of knowledge about HIV/AIDS on surveyed population, independently the gender. Even so, the orientation about using preservative and going AIDS test is still necessary. Mainly because of a high percentage of surveyed participants that reported this behavior, the obvious importance of both to prevent the disease in the sexually active elderly population and also for an early treatment of AIDS.


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