A importância de projetos públicos para a revitalização social e urbana nos centros históricos

Ricardo Andalaft

Abstract


The lack of knowledge of the mechanisms necessary to list a patrimony and promote their maintenance is common to the vast majority of society. Another key factor is the lack of relationship of this community with the goods or region to be preserved. Although the discussions about heritage preservation through urban regeneration are increasing and becoming more frequent, is common to see seemingly incomprehensible errors in many recent interventions performed in our historic centers. There are several weaknesses in the way this complex issue is still discussed and its easily noted in the analysis methodology. We know that many of the Revitalization Plans of Historic Centres are designed by political teams, without the effective participation of the local population, and even without specialists in urbanism history and integrated conservation, resulting in little reasoned planes. There are entities, Councils and Institutes to promote academic empowerment and participation, but the access to these organs of society are limited. Thus, people remains away of this whole process. Without knowing in detail all the historical causes of abandonment and degradation, street by street, one can’t expect successful intervention proposals. Don´t knowing the actual value of the historic centers as sets, as well as the importance of its architecture, one can´t expect intervention proposals with appropriate criterion.Without the ability to create an effective proposal revitalization, based on the laws of organic urbanism and anthropology of space, the failure rate in the intervention turns out to be very high, with obvious damage at all levels: social, economic, environmental, heritage, etc..More than rehabilitate buildings and step in randomly in blocks and in public spaces, it is important to rebuild and restore the logic of the old urban cores, in a new spirit that  considers that the question of the historical centers is not merely a problem of architecture or urban planning.Professionals from various fields are increasingly called upon to contribute to the study of historic centers and the subsequent intervention and conservation strategies. Thus, Art History, Anthropology, Archaeology Urban, Urban Sociology, Tourism, Mobility and Transportation Engineering, Urban Geography, Conservation and Restoration, Museology, Economics, Civil Engineering, Landscape Architecture, Urban Design, Wealth Management, Law, etc.. composes the list of the various sciences involved in the issue of Integrated Urban Restoration, which is not a mere sum of knowledge. It is an interdisciplinary area with recently and poorly defined borders.Therefore, we believe that a Plan for Revitalization of Urban Areas is primarily the recovery of a population and the revitalization of their region. This is the access to research and debate. This is a direct and effective acting in collecting the yearnings of the community about the maintenance of its history, culture, ultimately, their greatest asset that is their Social Equity, covert by History, Architecture, Arts and Culture. This we call Social and Urban Integrated Revitalization.

 

Keywords: Society. Heritage. Revival


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