DIREITO AO REFÚGIO NO BRASIL E A NOVA LEI DE MIGRAÇÃO N° 13445/17

Stephanie Gama

Abstract


The article aims to show the historical evolution of the right to refuge through the years through Conventions, Treaties and Protocols. The path will be presented until the new Migration Law is reached. Beginning with the 1951 Convention relating to the Status of Refugees, which was the first international agreement to cover the most important aspects of the life of a refugee. Through it, the need for international cooperation was recognized to face the problem of refuge. Passing further on by the 1967 Protocol, the Organization of African Unity (OAU) Convention, the Cartagena Declaration 1984 and finally the Federal Constitution. Brazil occupies a prominent role in South America, since it was the first country to regulate the protection of refugees. He was the first to ratify the 1951 Convention and also acceded to the 1967 Protocol on August 7, 1972, and was the first country to draft a specific law on refugees, Law 9.474 / 97. The development of this national law on refuge was a milestone in the protection of refugees. In 2017, a new, more comprehensive legislation was established that defines the rights and duties of migrants and visitors in Brazil; Regulates the entry and stay of foreigners; And establishes rules of protection for Brazilians abroad, which is Law 13445 on Migration.

 

Keywords: Refugees, Convention, Protection, Law, Migration.


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